Ancient greek democracy

Visit Website Ostracism, in which a citizen could be expelled from Athens for 10 years, was among the powers of the ekklesia. The Ekklesia Athenian democracy was made up of three important institutions. The first was the ekklesia, or Assembly, the sovereign governing body of Athens. Any member of the demos--any one of those 40, adult male citizens--was welcome to attend the meetings of the ekklesia, which were held 40 times per year in a hillside auditorium west of the Acropolis called the Pnyx.

Ancient greek democracy

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One might expect the term "demarchy" to have been adopted, by analogy, for the new form of government introduced by Athenian democrats. In present-day use, the term " demarchy " has acquired a new meaning.

It is unknown whether the word "democracy" was in existence when systems that came to be called democratic were first instituted. The word is attested in Herodotus Histories 6. Aristotle points to other cities that adopted governments in the democratic style.

The members of these institutions were generally aristocrats, who ruled the polis for their own advantage. In BC Draco codified a set of "notoriously harsh" laws that were "a clear expression of the power of the aristocracy over everybody else.

However, the "enfranchisement of the local laboring classes was succeeded by the development of chattel slavery, the enslavement of, in large part, foreigners. Athenians were not slaves but citizens, with the right, at the very least, to participate in the meetings of the assembly.

However, "one must bear in mind that its agenda was apparently set entirely by the Council of ", "consisting of members from each of the four tribes", that had taken "over many Ancient greek democracy the powers which the Areopagos had previously exercised.

This sort of aristocratic takeover "was ended by the appeal by one contender, Cleisthenesfor the support of the populace. It was this registration which confirmed his citizenship. While his opponents were away attempting to assist the Spartans, Ephialtes persuaded the Assembly to reduce the powers of the Areopagus: Their efforts, initially conducted through constitutional channels, culminated in the establishment of an oligarchy, the Council ofin the Athenian coup of BCE.

The oligarchy endured for only four months before it was replaced by a more democratic government.

Democratic regimes governed until Athens surrendered to Sparta in BCE, when government was placed in the hands of the so-called Thirty Tyrantspro-Spartan oligarchs. His relations with Athens were already strained when he returned to Babylon in BC; after his death, Athens and Sparta led several Greek states to war with Macedon and lost.

However, the governors, like Demetrius of Phalerumappointed by Cassanderkept some of the traditional institutions in formal existence, although the Athenian public would consider them to be nothing more than Macedonian puppet dictators. However, by now Athens had become "politically impotent".

However, when Rome fought Macedonia inthe Athenians abolished the first two new tribes and created a twelfth tribe in honour of the Pergamene king. They were elected, and even foreigners such as Domitian and Hadrian held the office as a mark of honour.

Four presided over the judicial administration.

Top 10 Little-Known Facts About Ancient Greek Democracy - Listverse

The Council whose numbers varied at different times from three hundred to seven hundred and fifty was appointed by lot. It was superseded in importance by the Areopaguswhich, recruited from the elected archons, had an aristocratic character and was entrusted with wide powers.

From the time of Hadrian an imperial curator superintended the finances.

Ancient greek democracy

The shadow of the old constitution lingered on and Archons and Areopagus survived the fall of the Roman Empire. Athenion allied with Mithridates of Pontusand went to war with Rome; he was killed during the war, and was replaced by Aristion. The victorious Roman general, Publius Cornelius Sullaleft the Athenians their lives and did not sell them into slavery; he also restored the previous government, in 86 BC.

During the 4th century BC, there might well have been some ,—, people in Attica.Power shifts, residents in rebellion and an evolving political system hasn't diminished the foundation of the ancient idea of Greek democracy. Modern democracy first took shape in ancient Greece thousands of years ago.

Many aspects of Greek democracy may seem familiar to modern people, while other. Feb 17,  · Greek democracy and modern democracy. The architects of the first democracies of the modern era, post-revolutionary France and the United States, claimed a line .

Aug 23,  · Watch video · The Boule. The second important institution was the boule, or Council of Five Hundred. The boule was a group of men, 50 from each of ten Athenian tribes, who served on the Council for one year. Death to Tyrants!: Ancient Greek Democracy and the Struggle against Tyranny 1st Edition by David Teegarden (Author).

Democracy, literally, rule by the term is derived from the Greek dēmokratiā, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens.

Democracy (Greek: δημοκρατία The term "democracy" first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity.

The word comes from demos, "common people" and kratos, "strength".

Top 10 Little-Known Facts About Ancient Greek Democracy - Listverse