In its present shape it may serve as a sketch of the political history of the United States from the end of the revolutionary war to the adoption of the Federal Constitution. It makes no pretensions to completeness, either as a summary of the events of that period or as a discussion of the political questions involved in them. I have aimed especially at grouping facts in such a way as to bring out and emphasize their casual sequence, and it is accordingly hoped that the book may prove useful to the student of American history.
Two states were Virginia and Maryland.
The purpose was to address commerce issues concerning the Potomac River and the Chesapeake Bay. It proved to be a pretty successful meeting, so they agreed to meet in Annapolis the next year, and invited any states who wanted to come. Still not enough states to do much good, but they decided to have another meeting and invited all the states.
Alexander Hamilton from NY was the one that suggested to send out a message through the national government to make an official convention.
Did he really want to revise the Articles of Confederation, or was it in his mind already to make a new constitution?
The Philadelphia Convention of Introduction to the Convention May through September The People were called Founding Fathers, Jefferson called them demigods All 55 delegates were all rich, men of property, who were all professionals lawyers, doctors, but the majority were lawyersthey were mostly young guys, Ben Franklin was the oldest one probably about 80 years old.
Alexander Hamilton for strong central government, George Mason was the opposite of Hamilton strong state rights, and James Madison was the happy medium, also called the Father of the Constitution.
Gouverneur Morris was the guy who physically wrote the constitution because he had such good penmanship. Morris also condensed the 23 Articles of Confederation down to 7. Who was not there?
All based on population. The lower house would be chosen by the people, but the big debate was how you choose the upper house. This idea is credited to John Dickinson the Senate was elected by the state legislature.
He compared the link between central and government and state government to the sun and the plantes The electoral college is how we elect the president, were years where the president was elected by the electoral college and no the popular vote. New Jersey Plan- proposed by William Paterson.
Basically was a return to the Articles of Confederation with two exceptions: There would be an executive branch with 3 Presidents called the consul 2. The lower house was elected based on population, and the upper house was 2 delegates like in the Articles of Confederation Other Compromises: The slave trade compromise: Moratorium was a 20 year dead period for slavery, and after that the trans-atlantic slave trade was made illegal.
South wanted no taxes, North wanted import and export taxes. The compromise was a tax only on imports. This led to the Fugitive Slave Law. This law said that you had to turn in blacks who people thought were slaves. Once people saw it as a moral problem, it was hard to compromise.
Basic Ideas of the Constitution 7 Articles: Religion is the "first freedom. States rights amendment The years presented a critical period in American history and were a decisive time in the development of our country.
Congress was in financial ruin, and was unable to enforce its power upon the states, which were arguing among themselves over issues such as 3/5(2). Some historians consider the confederation period of American history, from to , the most critical era in the nation's development.
Having rebelled against royal authority, the collection of American colonies, now become a collection of American states, had to develop a new government.
The time period between and is often referred to as the "Critical Period", and with a good reason. As a newly formed country America had a lot to lose if it did not survive and prove its self to the world as well as the citizens. Nov 23, · The Confederation Period was the era of United States history in the s after the American Revolution and prior to the ratification of the United States Constitution. Critical Period/Constitution Convention Manifest Destiny Lesson Plan (doc file - 32 KB) Students may follow these procedures in order to complete the activities for this lesson. Manifest Destiny Map Prediction (notebook file - 81 KB).
The Critical Period () Government Under the Articles of Confederation Unit 2: Building a Nation () prev. next. out of 8. Post on Dec . The Critical Period. Print; Main. Articles of Confederation ratified by the states Treaty of Paris signed First Land Ordinance Treaty of Fort Stanwix Second Land Ordinance Annapolis meeting to revise Articles of Confederation Shay's Rebellion.
AP U.S. History: Unit lausannecongress2018.com The New Nation (The Critical Period): ** John Fiske: The Critical Period (): Viewed the era of the Articles of Confederation as critical to the future of the U.S. I. Changes in Society due to the American Revolution A.