Stress Management What is stress?
Many people encounter stress from multiple sources, including work; money, health, and relationship worries; and media overload. With so many sources of stress, it is difficult to find time to relax and disengage.
This is why stress is one of the biggest health problems facing people today. Chronic Stress Chronic stress increases the risk of developing health problems including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, cancerand a weakened immune system.
Many studies show a correlation between stress and the development of mood disorders such as anxiety disorders and depression.
Previous research has found physical differences in the brains of people with stress disorders, such as post-traumatic stress disorder PTSDand those without.
People who experience chronic stress have more white matter in some areas of the brain. The UC Berkeley study wanted to find out the underlying reason for this alteration in the brain composition.
Gray Matter Gray matter in the brain is composed mainly of two types of cells: White matter mostly is composed of axons, which form a network of fibers to connect the neurons. For this study, the researchers focused on the cells that produce myelin in the brain to see if they could find a connection between stress and the proportion of gray brain matter to white.
Hippocampus The researchers performed a series of experiments on adult rats, focusing on the hippocampus region of the brain which regulates memory and emotions. During the experiments, they found the neural stem cells behaved differently than expected. Prior to this study, the general belief was that these stem cells would only become neurons or astrocyte cells, a type of glial cell.
However, under stress, these cells became another type of glial cells, oligodendrocyte, which are the myelin-producing cells.
These cells also help form the synapses, which are the communication tools that allow nerve cells to exchange information.
Thus, chronic stress causes more myelin-producing cells and fewer neurons. This disrupts the balance in the brain, causing communication in the brain cells to lose its normal timing, which could lead to problems. This might lead to a stronger connection between the hippocampus and the amygdala the area that processes the fight-or-flight response.
It might also cause weaker connectivity between the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex the area that moderates the responses. If the amygdala and hippocampus have a stronger connection, the response to fear is more rapid.
If the connection between the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus is weaker, then the ability to calm down and shut off the stress response is impaired. Therefore, in a stressful situation, a person with this imbalance will have a stronger response with a limited ability to shut down that response.
Oligodencdrocyte Cells This study shows that the oligodendrocyte cells might play a key role in long-term changes to the brain that could lead to mental health problems. The researchers also believe that the stem cells which, due to chronic stress, are becoming myelin-producing cells rather than neurons, affect cognitive function, because it is the neurons that process and transmit the electrical information necessary for learning and memory skills.
More research is required to verify these findings, including studying humans rather than rats, which the researchers have planned.
However, this study provides important insight into why chronic stress affects the brain and mental health, and how early intervention can help prevent the development of certain mental health problems. How Stress Affects Mental Health Related Articles Marissa Maldonado Marissa Maldonado has spent years in dual diagnosis treatment centers as an outreach coordinator that specializes in helping people find mental health treatment at Sovereign Health Group.Changing Your Habits for Better Health.
like healthy eating and regular physical activity, may also help you manage your weight and have more energy. After a while, if you stick with these changes, they may become part of your daily routine. Think about how the benefits of healthy eating or regular physical activity might relate to your.
May 26, · How do our habits and the choices relate to our physical health and our ability to manage stress? Follow. 1 answer 1. How do our habits and choices relate to our physical health and our ability to manage stress? How do our habits and the choices we make relate to our ability to manage stress?
Husband's Habit Ruining Our Marriage?Status: Resolved. Indeed, stress symptoms can affect your body, your thoughts and feelings, and your behavior. Being able to recognize common stress symptoms can give you a jump on managing them.
Stress that's left unchecked can contribute to many health problems, such as . Physical Wellness is the ability to maintain a healthy quality of life that allows us to get through our daily activities without undue fatigue or physical stress. The ability to recognize that our behaviors have a significant impact on our wellness and adopting healthful habits (routine check ups, a balanced diet, exercise, etc.) while avoiding destructive habits (tobacco, drugs, alcohol, etc.) will lead to optimal .
Perhaps most importantly for health, the environment can create or reduce stress, which in turn impacts our bodies in multiple ways. This is because our brain and our nervous, endocrine, and immune systems are constantly interacting. How do our habits and choices relate to our physical health and our ability to manage stress?
Stress overview Task 1: What do we understand by the concept of stress?