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This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Oral traditions of storytelling are found in several civilisations; they predate the printed and online press.
Storytelling was used to explain natural phenomena, bards told stories of creation and developed a pantheon of gods and myths. Oral stories passed from one generation to the next and storytellers were regarded as healers, leader, spiritual guides, teachers, cultural secrets keepers and entertainers.
Oral storytelling came in various forms including songs, poetry, chants and dance. Lord identified two types of story vocabulary.
The first he called "formulas": In other words, oral stories are built out of set phrases which have been stockpiled from a lifetime of hearing and telling stories.
The other type of story vocabulary is theme, a set sequence of story actions that structure a tale. Just as the teller of tales proceeds line-by-line using formulas, so he proceeds from event-to-event using themes.
One near-universal theme is repetition, as evidenced in Western folklore with the " rule of three ": Three brothers set out, three attempts are made, three riddles are asked.
A theme can be as simple as a specific set sequence describing the arming of a herostarting with shirt and trousers and ending with headdress and weapons. A theme can be large enough to be a plot component.
A theme does not belong to a specific story, but may be found with minor variation in many different stories. The story was described by Reynolds Pricewhen he wrote: Millions survive without love or home, almost none in silence; the opposite of silence leads quickly to narrative, and the sound of story is the dominant sound of our lives, from the small accounts of our day's events to the vast incommunicable constructs of psychopaths.
They are clearly not intended to be understood as true. The stories are full of clearly defined incidents, and peopled by rather flat characters with little or no interior life. When the supernatural occurs, it is presented matter-of-factly, without surprise.
Indeed, there is very little effect, generally; bloodcurdling events may take place, but with little call for emotional response from the listener. When the supernatural intrudes as it often doesit does so in an emotionally fraught manner.
Ghost and lovers' leap stories belong in this category, as do many UFO stories and stories of supernatural beings and events. Ong 's Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word Ong studies the distinguishing characteristics of oral traditions, how oral and written cultures interact and condition one another, and how they ultimately influence human epistemology.
Storytelling and learning[ edit ] Orunamamu storyteller, griot with cane Storytelling is a means for sharing and interpreting experiences. Berger says human life is narratively rooted, humans construct their lives and shape their world into homes in terms of these groundings and memories.
Stories are universal in that they can bridge cultural, linguistic and age-related divides. Storytelling can be adaptive for all ages, leaving out the notion of age segregation. So, every story has 3 parts.
First, The setup The Hero's world before the adventure starts.
Second, The Confrontation The hero's world turned upside down. Third, The Resolution Hero conquers villain, but it's not enough for Hero to survive. The Hero or World must be transformed. Any story can be framed in such format. Human knowledge is based on stories and the human brain consists of cognitive machinery necessary to understand, remember and tell stories.
Facts can be understood as smaller versions of a larger story, thus storytelling can supplement analytical thinking. Because storytelling requires auditory and visual senses from listeners, one can learn to organize their mental representation of a story, recognize structure of language and express his or her thoughts.I actually bought this book before the author's "Escape Essay Hell" which is an outstanding guide to the format and details for producing the excellent essays contained herein.
The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. Storytelling describes the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, sometimes with improvisation, theatrics, or lausannecongress2018.com culture has its own stories or narratives, which are shared as a means of entertainment, education, cultural preservation or instilling moral values.
Crucial elements of stories and storytelling include plot, characters and narrative point of view. How to Write a Narrative Essay. In this Article: Article Summary Choosing a Good Topic Writing a Draft Revising Your Essay Sample Essay Community Q&A Narrative essays are commonly assigned pieces of writing at different stages through school.
Like any story, they have a plot, conflict, and characters. - Personal Narrative- High School and Church Youth Group The most distinguishing and memorable moment of my life was entering high school for the first time.
I feel that the event of starting high school was the starting point of what kind of person I was going to become. Freedom’s Story is made possible by a grant from the Wachovia Foundation. Freedom’s Story Advisors and Staff How to Read a Slave Narrative.