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The largest number of scholars favours the Latin alphabet as this template,   although the Elder Futhark and even the Greek alphabet have their supporters. The Latin alphabet is the primary contender mainly because its influence at the required period 4th century is most easily established, being widely used in neighbouring Roman Britanniawhile the runes in the 4th century were not very widespread even in continental Europe.
In Ireland and in Wales, the language of the monumental stone inscriptions is ogham writing alphabet printables Primitive Irish. The transition to Old Irishthe language of the earliest sources in the Latin alphabet, takes place in about the 6th century.
Theories of origin[ edit ] Fol. Scholars such as Carney and MacNeill have suggested that ogham was first created as a cryptic alphabet, designed by the Irish so as not to be understood by those with a knowledge of the Latin alphabet. The argument is that the sounds of Primitive Irish were regarded as difficult to transcribe into the Latin alphabet, so the invention of a separate alphabet was deemed appropriate.
A possible such origin, as suggested by McManus A variation is that the alphabet was first invented, for whatever reason, in 4th-century Irish settlements in west Wales after contact and intermarriage with Romanised Britons with a knowledge of the Latin alphabet.
Macalister was influential at one time, but finds little favour with scholars today. According to this theory, the alphabet was transmitted in oral form or on wood only, until it was finally put into a written form on stone inscriptions in early Christian Ireland.
Later scholars are largely united in rejecting this theory, however,  primarily because a detailed study of the letters[ citation needed ] shows that they were created specifically for the Primitive Irish of the early centuries AD.
The supposed links with the form of the Greek alphabet that Macalister proposed can also be disproved. A theory popular among modern scholars is that the forms of the letters derive from the various numerical tally-mark systems in existence at the time.
This theory was first suggested by the scholars Rudolf Thurneysen and Joseph Vendryeswho proposed that the ogham script was inspired by a pre-existing system of counting based around the numbers five and twenty, which was then adapted to an alphabet form by the first ogamists.
Finding that they had already been dispersed, Fenius sent his scholars to study them, staying at the tower, co-ordinating the effort. The names he gave to the letters were those of his 25 best scholars. Ogma was skilled in speech and poetry, and created the system for the learned, to the exclusion of rustics and fools.
This was to fit into his own theories which linked the Beith-luis-nin to a form of the Greek alphabet current in Northern Italy in the 6th and 5th centuries BC. There are in fact other explanations for the name Beith-luis-nin.
The other explanation is that Beith-luis-nin is a convenient contraction of the first five letters thus: Five additional letters were later introduced mainly in the manuscript traditionthe so-called forfeda.
The ogam airenach, closeup from the page shown above The Ogam Tract also gives a variety of some variant or secret modes of writing ogham 92 in the Book of Ballymotefor example the "shield ogham" ogam airenach, nr. Even the Younger Futhark are introduced as a kind of "Viking ogham" nrs.
The twenty standard letters of the Ogham alphabet and the five forfeda. The box on the left shows the consonants, and the box on the right shows the vowels both non- IPA. An additional secondary letter p is shown as 26th character peith.
This is the vertical writing of Ogham; in the horizontal form, the right side would face downward.Ogham is an alphabet that appears on monumental inscriptions dating from the 4th to the 6th century AD, and in manuscripts dating from the 6th to the 9th century.
It was used mainly to write Primitive and Old Irish, and also to write Old Welsh, Pictish and Latin. The Ogham alphabet was a basic system of writing consisting mainly of a series of lines to denote a letter.
Ogham writing was often carved into sticks or trees but the surviving examples are in stone- see photo. Alphabet: Alphabet, set of graphs, or characters, used to represent the phonemic structure of a language. In most alphabets the characters are arranged in a definite order, or sequence, and each alphabetic character represents either a consonant or a vowel rather than a syllable or a group of consonants and vowels.
Ogham is an alphabet that appears on monumental inscriptions dating from the 4th to the 6th century AD, and in manuscripts dating from the 6th to the 9th century.
It was used mainly to write Primitive and Old Irish, and also to write Old Welsh, Pictish and Latin. Resources for the study of the ancient Celtic writing system called Ogham (or Ogam). A good place to start.
Includes an in-depth introduction to the ogham alphabet. Ogham is an Early Medieval alphabet used to write the early Irish language, Primitive Irish. Evidence shows that Ogham was in use since at least the 4th century, long before the .