Judaism has been described as a religion, a race, a culture, and a nation All of these descriptions have some validity The Jewish people are best described as an extended family What is Judaism?
Centuries of systematic investigation and analysis of information about the world's peoples, informs us that there is no consistent relationship of skin color to "race.
Further, geneticists have discovered that there are different sets of genes controlling skin color that are triggered for other reasons in different populations. Race There are some general informal categories, sometimes called "race," that help us classify various peoples of the world, but they are not strictly defined, and are used differently by different writers.
The terms and categories used do not relate clearly to definite physical types. This is one reason you will sometimes hear it said that there is only one race, the Human Race. All humans now living on Earth apparently share the same full gene pool.
There is no simple relationship of physical features physiognomy or genetic structure to any clear groupings of peoples. We can of course perceive some general patterns, and these are the basis of our broad distinctions between various individuals and population groups.
These characteristics are simply part of their visual identity. Such visible differences are the basis of broad designations and categories we may use to identify different populations, associated often with a geographical region.
But the edges of the categories are rough.
Birth Name: Rashida Leah Jones. Place of Birth: Los Angeles, California, United States. Date of Birth: February 25, Ethnicity: *African-American, with some. Race, Crime, and the Law [Randall Kennedy] on lausannecongress2018.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Winner of the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award Grand Prize "An original, wise and courageous work that moves beyond sterile arguments and lifts the discussion of race and justice to a new and more hopeful level."--Arthur Schlesinger. Ethnicity vs Race Very few of us accurately describe the difference between ethnicity and race, simply because we tend to lump them into the same definition. While the dictionary can represent each of these words to be highly similar, there are differences. Ethnicity is not just a person's race. We can say that a.
See The Rough Edges of Ethnicity. Thus in general most peoples traditionally living in the African continent have black skin, and have some general features traditionally referred to as "Negroid. Many people are also unaware how big and varied the African continent is!
Some other groups, like the Somalis and some peoples of Ethiopia, are noticeably different in appearance. The differences appear to have their roots in pre-history. In the past physical features has been one basis on which some have tried to categorize groups of humans.
A major problem with this and some other approaches is that the categories are used for discriminatory and exploitative or repressive purposes. Common Genetic Stream Findings in Archaeology and Genetic studies continue to indicate Africa as the point of origin of the human race.
However, recent genetic studies have shown that the human group with oldest sequence of genes is another African group of atypical appearance. The oldest genetic stream of humanity is found among the "Bushmen" of Southern and Central Africa, more properly known as the San or Khoi-San people.
These genetic studies include a comparative study of select peoples of all continents and physical types. Since the mapping of the human genome in recent years, DNA samples from around the world have been compared.
This has enabled specialists to establish a clear geographical chain of origin, descent and migration for human populations worldwide. Spencer Wells has written up the historical conclusions from this comparative DNA study, which reads like an exciting novel: The Journey of Man: Read my review essay on this book and its subject.
A direct line of descent can be discerned in a sequence of chronological mutations discovered on the Y chromosome. Sequential patterns of change are similarly discernible on the mitochondrial DNA of the cell nucleus from the mother's heritage.
The physical differences associated with some of these gene changes over thousands of years are expressed as differences in appearance and body type between different human populations.
Harper, p ] Visual Continuum Among the broad human "races," there exists a continuum of physical features and skin color. There are no clear-cut categories by either skin color, hair or eye color, head shape or size, height, body size, leg length or other feature. Only general groupings and greater tendencies in various groups.
Traditional terms developed in Europe for identifying broad human groupings, like Caucasian, Negroid and Mongoloid, are too general and inadequate to account for the variety we find among humans.
Findings since those early prescientific classifications help us appreciate and enjoy the rich variety we share in our human family.
Skin colour is not directly tied to any certain facial features.A discussion of concepts of race and how ethnicity relates to factors like language, skin color, geography and genetics.
“Under close scrutiny, the division into races according to the colour of skin turns out to be quite the crudest and most obvious method, since there are noticeably inheritable characteristic racial differences among people of identically coloured skins.”.
Is Judaism a religion, a race, an ethnic/cultural group, or something more? Race and Ethnicity The United States in the twenty-first century is home to perhaps the most diverse and varied Christian population on earth, with Christians of European, African, Asian, and Latin American birth or descent.
Other Cultures Collections of resources and information, mainly external to Ethnomed, on specific groups of refugee and immigrants. Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality was a tough subject to tackle, but I realized after several drafts of this essay (the main problem stopping me from writing it effectively was thinking that it was a factually based essay) that this essay was opinion based.