In discovering the history of a race, the feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions of a people are sure to be included. It is also literature. Then we can say that literature is history and history is literature.
The Literary Forms in Philippine Literature by: Godinez-Ortega The diversity and richness of Philippine literature evolved side by side with the country's history. This can best be appreciated in the context of the country's pre-colonial cultural traditions and the socio-political histories of its colonial and contemporary traditions.
The average Filipino's unfamiliarity with his indigenous literature was largely due to what has been impressed upon him: So successful were the efforts of colonialists to blot out the memory of the country's largely oral past that present-day Filipino writers, artists and journalists are trying to correct this inequity by recognizing the country's wealth of ethnic traditions and disseminating them in schools and in the mass media.
The rousings of nationalistic pride in the s and s also helped The evolution of philippine literature about this change of attitude among a new breed of Filipinos concerned about the "Filipino identity. Pre-colonial inhabitants of our islands showcase a rich past through their folk speeches, folk songs, folk narratives and indigenous rituals and mimetic dances that affirm our ties with our Southeast Asian neighbors.
The most seminal of these folk speeches is the riddle which is tigmo in Cebuano, bugtong in Tagalog, paktakon in Ilongo and patototdon in Bicol. Central to the riddle is the talinghaga or metaphor because it "reveals subtle resemblances between two unlike objects" and one's power of observation and wit are put to the test.
While some riddles are ingenious, others verge on the obscene or are sex-related: Gongonan nu usin y amam If you pull your daddy's penis Maggirawa pay sila y inam.
Your mommy's vagina, too, Campana screams. Bell The proverbs or aphorisms express norms or codes of behavior, community beliefs or they instill values by offering nuggets of wisdom in short, rhyming verse. The extended form, tanaga, a mono-riming heptasyllabic quatrain expressing insights and lessons on life is "more emotionally charged than the terse proverb and thus has affinities with the folk lyric.
The folk song, a form of folk lyric which expresses the hopes and aspirations, the people's lifestyles as well as their loves. These are often repetitive and sonorous, didactic and naive as in the children's songs or Ida-ida Maguindanaotulang pambata Tagalog or cansiones para abbing Ibanag.
Other folk songs are the drinking songs sung during carousals like the tagay Cebuano and Waray ; dirges and lamentations extolling the deeds of the dead like the kanogon Cebuano or the Annako Bontoc. A type of narrative song or kissa among the Tausug of Mindanao, the parang sabil, uses for its subject matter the exploits of historical and legendary heroes.
It tells of a Muslim hero who seeks death at the hands of non-Muslims. The folk narratives, i. They explain how the world was created, how certain animals possess certain characteristics, why some places have waterfalls, volcanoes, mountains, flora or fauna and, in the case of legends, an explanation of the origins of things.
Fables are about animals and these teach moral lessons. Our country's epics are considered ethno-epics because unlike, say, Germany's Niebelunginlied, our epics are not national for they are "histories" of varied groups that consider themselves "nations.
These epics revolve around supernatural events or heroic deeds and they embody or validate the beliefs and customs and ideals of a community. These are sung or chanted to the accompaniment of indigenous musical instruments and dancing performed during harvests, weddings or funerals by chanters.
The Spanish Colonial Tradition While it is true that Spain subjugated the Philippines for more mundane reasons, this former European power contributed much in the shaping and recording of our literature.
Religion and institutions that represented European civilization enriched the languages in the lowlands, introduced theater which we would come to know as komedya, the sinakulo, the sarswela, the playlets and the drama.
Religious lyrics written by ladino poets or those versed in both Spanish and Tagalog were included in early catechism and were used to teach Filipinos the Spanish language.
Another form of religious lyrics are the meditative verses like the dalit appended to novenas and catechisms. It has no fixed meter nor rime scheme although a number are written in octosyllabic quatrains and have a solemn tone and spiritual subject matter.
But among the religious poetry of the day, it is the pasyon in octosyllabic quintillas that became entrenched in the Filipino's commemoration of Christ's agony and resurrection at Calvary.
Aside from religious poetry, there were various kinds of prose narratives written to prescribe proper decorum. Like the pasyon, these prose narratives were also used for proselitization.
Secular works appeared alongside historical and economic changes, the emergence of an opulent class and the middle class who could avail of a European education. This Filipino elite could now read printed works that used to be the exclusive domain of the missionaries. The most notable of the secular lyrics followed the conventions of a romantic tradition: Another popular secular poetry is the metrical romance, the awit and korido in Tagalog.
The awit is set in dodecasyllabic quatrains while the korido is in octosyllabic quatrains. The awit as a popular poetic genre reached new heights in Balagtas' "Florante at Laura" ca. Again, the winds of change began to blow in 19th century Philippines.
Filipino intellectuals educated in Europe called ilustrados began to write about the downside of colonization. This, coupled with the simmering calls for reforms by the masses gathered a formidable force of writers like Jose Rizal, Marcelo H.lausannecongress2018.com: The Philippine War, (Modern War Studies) (): Brian McAllister Linn: Books.
The Development of Philippine Literature in English During Modern Period POETRY IN ENGLISH DURING THIS PERIOD For the first twenty years, many books were published both in Filipino and in 3/5(22). PHILIPPINE LITERATURE (TIMELINE) john harold bagay AB-Psychology Mrs.
Medina Philippine Literature Philippine Literature is a diverse and rich group of works that has evolved side-by-side with the country’s history. Philippine folk literature refers to the traditional oral literature of the Filipino lausannecongress2018.com, the scope of the field covers the ancient folk literature of the Philippines' various ethnic groups, as well as various pieces of folklore that have evolved since the Philippines became a single ethno-political unit.
Jan 29, · Animated Video created using Animaker - lausannecongress2018.com Evolution of Philippine Literature Part 2. Reliable and easy-to-use lesson material for teachers about the Nobel Prizes, provided within 24 hours after each Nobel Prize announcement.